Her novel for young adults about the problems of drug addiction, A Hero Ain't Nothin' but a Sandwich, was published in 1973 and honored as one of the best books of the year. It was later made into a film. Another novel for young adults Those Other People was released in 1989. Her play Wedding Band was produced by Joseph Papp's Public Theatre in New York during the 1972-73 season. Among her other plays, Trouble in Mind won an Obie Award for the Best original off-Broadway production; Wine in the Wilderness was presented on national public television; and Sea Island Songs was produced in South Carolina in 1977 with music by her husband Nathan Woodard. Childress was a former member of the American Negro Theatre and was an active member of the Harlem Writers Guild and the New Dramatists. Childress died on August 14, 1994 in New York, NY.